Skip to main content
Logo print

How to ground electrical installations? | Legrand Saudi Arabia

How to ground electrical installations?

As a required step in any electrical installation, grounding goes along with the differential protection to ensure the safety of people by ensuring the flow of leakage or fault currents to the ground. We can show you how to do it!

 

What are the elements to be grounded?

• Accessible metallic grounds of the devices.
• The grounding pins of electrical outlets
• The metal structures of buildings: door frames, metal frameworks, etc.
• Metal parts of bathrooms, swimming pools and, as a general rule, metal parts of all equipment located outside or directly in contact with a conducting liquid.
 

Grounding: The must-have safety solution

Ground connection is the device that allows leakage or fault currents to flow to earth.

The quality of an earth connection depends on:

- the nature (more or less conductive) of the soil,

- the humidity level of the soil and the temperature,

- its size and shape.

 

How to make a ground connection?

There are two possible ways to make an earth connection: with an earth rod or in a loop at the bottom of the excavation.

 

 

grounding-connection

 

Keep in mind!

• A ground connection made in moist and clayey soil will be of better quality than one made in dry and sandy soil.
• An earth connection made as a loop at the bottom of the excavation will have a better value than a simple stake driven into the ground.
• The measure of the earth resistance is only possible by a professional, he is the only one to assure the quality of the earth connection.
• The continuity of the ground circuit must be ensured, from the appliance casing to the ground rod:
 
grounding-connection

 

Good to know

For guidance, here are the limit values of the differential device to be used according to the quality of the ground.

The higher the resistance of the earth, the higher the sensitivity of the differential device (10 mA: high sensitivity, 650 mA: low sensitivity). All Legrand differential devices have a sensitivity of 30 mA, which allows them to be efficient even for poor quality grounds.

 

grounding-connection

 

 

Electrical installation grounding scheme

 

 

grounding-connection